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HTTP vs HTTPS is an overview of the history and its implementation. How to use HTTP vs HTTPS, and why Google is pushing to all websites to be HTTPS.

During 1957 the first satellite was launch into orbit. At this time the United States had focused on making better cars and bigger television sets.On the contrary, the Soviets were focused on the Cold War and wanted to win. The Soviets named their satellite, Sputnik. Thereafter the United States, adding chemistry, physics, and calculus to higher education. The Military and scientist thought that the Soviet Union would be able to attack the United States, using their missiles, to destroy the network of the telephone lines and wires for long-distance communication.

In 1962, Mr. J.C.R Licklider, a scientist from M.I.T and worked for the Department of Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) developed space-age rockets, weapon, and computers.Mr. Licklider had proposed a solution, it was the Galactic Network. This type of network would allow the government leaders to communicate if Soviets did destroy the telephone system.

Packet Switching

In 1965 there was another M.I.T Scientist by the name of Leonard Kleinrock, considered one other father of the Internet who developed a network called packet-switching.Packet-Switching takes data and breaks it down into blocks, or packets before it reaches its destination. Each packet will take its own route from one place to another place. The government’s computer network did not allow packet switching. The network that the US government used was called ARPANET. Hence this was left for enemy attacks. In 1969 ARPAnet sent its first message from one computer to another computer (Node-to-Node). The computer was located at UCLA research lab.

1970 Network Grows

Toward the end of 1969 only four computers were connected to ARPANET, but by 1970 the network was growing. Also in 1970 another computer scientist by the name of Vinton Cerf. Mr. Cerf. was a program manager with the U.S. Department of Defense’s Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), this is where he fostered the development of Internet-related packet data and security technologies. During the same year, the University of Hawaii had installed ALOHnet and in two years London University college and Royal Radar Establishment in Norway joined this grid.

Here comes Netscape

After a few years, Mr. Cerf added another Protocol. This Protocol was known as Internet Protocol. Which uses TCP/IP. This protocol is known as the Handshake. In 1992 a group of researchers and students, at the University of Illinois, developed Netscape (Browser). Netscape allowed people to access the Internet and see words and pictures on the same page at the same time.  Also, Congress used the web to promote their commercials. This became a good way to reach out to customers and sell goods. Each page existed because of Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). HTTP was proposed by Mr. Berners-Lee.

HTTP Development

HTTP is the common language, for the World Wide Web (WWW). The reason for developing HTTP was that it would work with other browsers. The HTTP started off as a single keyword, and Document path, for browsers, and Internet-connecting software and hardware applications. Mr. Berners-Lee outlined the motivation for the new protocol, and was listed with high-level design goals, such as file transfer functionality, request an index search of a hypertext archive, format negotiation, and refer the client to another server. Hence a simple prototype was built. It implemented a small subset of proposed function, they include; a client requests a single ASCII character string also, terminated by a carriage return (CRLF), server response in an ASCII character stream, a hypertext markup language (HTML), and a connection that was terminated after the document transfer was complete.

This path id has a single line: GET method, it is the response to a single hypertext document. Meaning, no heading, or other Metadata, only the HTML tag.

HTTP Improvements

Around the same time a parallel HTTP Working Group (HTTP-WG), the IETF focused on improving the HTTP protocol. Between 1994-1995 there was dial-up Internet access for the public. On August 9, 1995, was the first day of the Internet along with its popularity. With the web growing, a community of web developers produced a large number of experimental HTTP server and client implementations through an ad hoc process: implement, deploy, to see if others would adopt it.

In May 1996 the HTTP Working Group (HTTP-WG) published RFC 1945, which documented the “common usage” of the many HTTP/1.0 implementations. This was a period of rapid experimentation, with the best practices along with common patterns.


A simple protocol for retrieving hypertext quickly has become a generic Hypermedia transport. A wide availability of clients to consume, meaning that many applications are now designed and deployed exclusively on top of HTTP. The part of HTTP is HTTPS, is the secure version of HTTP, the protocol over which data is sent between the browser and the website.




HTTPS the (S) in HTTP means that the website that you are visiting, is secure. It is secure by using encryption. HTTPS is used to protect confidential online transaction, such as online banking, and online shopping order forms. HTTPS pages typically use one of two secure protocols to encrypt communications – SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) or TLS (Transport Layer Security), the asymmetric system uses two ‘keys’ to encrypt communications. A ‘public’ key and a ‘private’ key. Anything encrypted with the public key can only be decrypted by the private key and vice-versa. The private key should be kept strictly protected and should only be accessible to the owner of the private key. In the case of a website, the private key remains secure on the web server.

HTTPS Requests

When an HTTPs is requested the website will initially send its SSL certificate to the browser. a certificate contains the public key needed to begin the secure session. Based on this initial exchange, the browser and the website then initiate the ‘SSL handshake’. The SSL handshake involves the generation of shared secrets to establish a uniquely secure connection between the personal computer and the website. When a trusted SSL Digital Certificate is used during an HTTPS connection, users will see a padlock icon in the browser address bar. When an Extended Validation Certificate is installed on a website, the address bar will turn green.

All communications sent over regular HTTP connections are in ‘plain text’ and can be read by any hacker that manages to break the connection between the browser and the website. This presents a clear danger if the ‘communication’ is on an order form and includes a personal credit card details or social security number. Using an HTTPS connection, all communications are securely encrypted. This means that even if somebody managed to break the connection, they would not be able to decrypt any of the data which passes between you and the website. From all this, you can clearly see that the comparison of HTTP vs HTTPS shows why HTTPS is the correct choice.

HTTPS vs HTTP – Googles Perspective

Google is forcing that all websites have SSL certificates. In fact with the announcement, Google will flag all the unencrypted internet by the end of 2017. Hence why it is paramount if your a business owner running a website, that you get an SSL certificate!


If your websites on HTTP://? Then you shoud contact your hosting company and have them install an SSL.

Summary of HTTP vs HTTPS

The major benefits of an HTTPS vs HTTP include,

  • Information is protected, encrypted and cannot be intercepted.
  • Visitors can verify you are a registered business and that you own the domain.
  • Protection from Cybercriminals.
  • Customers are more likely to trust and complete purchases

Transport Layer Security (TLS) to send the information back and forth. When shopping online all ways make sure that your page is secure!


References HTTP vs HTTP

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