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HTTP vs HTTPS

HTTP vs HTTPS discusses the benefits and drawbacks of each. How to use HTTP vs HTTPS. How are you able to tell if you are using the correct type? During 1957 the first satellite was launch into orbit. At this time the United States had focused on making better cars and bigger television on sets, not on technology. The Soviets were focused on the Cold War, and wanted to win. The Soviets named their satellite, Sputnik.
After this happened the United States, adding chemistry, physics, and calculus to higher education courses. The Military and scientist experts thought that the Soviet Union would be able to attack the United States, using their missiles, to destroy the network of the telephone lines and wires for long-distance communication. In 1962, Mr. J.C.R Licklider, who is a scientist from M.I.T and worked for the Department of Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). Which develop space-age rockets, weapon, and computers.

Mr. Licklider had proposed a solution, it was Galactic Network. This type of network would allow the government leaders to communicate if Soviets did destroy the telephone system. In 1965 there was another M.I.T Scientist by the name of Leonard Kleinrock, he is considered one other father of the Internet. The reason he considers a father of the Internet is because he developed a network called packet-switching.

Packet-Switching is taking data and breaking it down into blocks, or packets before it has arrived at its destination. Each packet will take its own route from one place to another place. The governments have a computer network that doesn’t allow packet switching. The network that the governments use is called ARPnet. ARPnet leaves the phone system for enemy attacks. In 1969 ARPnet sent its first message from one computer to another computer the first message was Node-to-Node. The first computer was located at UCLA research lab. At that same time, the message LOGIN was short but it crashed the ARPA network.

Toward the end of 1969 only four computers were connected to ARPnet network, but by 1970 the network was growing. Also in the 1970 another computer scientist by the name of Vinton Cerf. Mr. Cerf from the years of 1976-1982, Mr. Cerf. was a program manager with the U.S. Department of Defense’s Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), this is where he fostered the development of Internet-related packet data and security technologies. During the same year, the University of Hawaii had installed ALOHnet, and two years London University college and Royal Radar Establishment in Norway. The packet-switched has multiplied networks but became much more difficult to integrate into a single internet. Also in 1992, Mr. Cerf founded the Internet Society. For 1992-1995, Mr. Cerf was also the president.

With the help of Mr. Cerf few years, the was another Protocol added. This Protocol was known as Internet Protocol. Which uses TCP/IP this protocol is known as the Handshake which introduces distant and other computers with in the virtual space. In 1991 the Internet was changed because of Mr. Tim Berners-Lee. Mr. Berners is known as the father of the World Wide Web. Then in 1992 a group of researchers and students, at the University of Illinois, developed Netscape.

Netscape allowed people to access the Internet and see words and pictures on the same page at the same time, have clickable links, and navigate with a scrollbar. Also Congress would use the web to promote their commercials, because of that everyone with a web site would do the same. This became a good way to reach customers and sell goods. Each page exists because of Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). HTTP was proposed by Mr. Berners-Lee.

HTTP is the common language, for the World Wide Web (WWW). WWW is making up the modern web. The reason for developing HTTP is so that is would work with easily with other browsers. The HTTP will start off as a single keyword, and Document path, for browsers, and Internet-connecting software and hardware application. Mr. Berners-Lee outlined the motivation for the new protocol, and was listed with high-level design goals they include; file transfer functionality, request an index search of a hypertext archive, format negotiation, and refer the client to another server. A simple prototype was built. It implemented a small subset of proposed function, they include; a client requests a single ASCII character string also, terminated by a carriage return (CRLF), server response in an ASCII character stream, a hypertext markup language (HTML), and a connection is terminated after the document transfer is complete.

HTTP vs HTTPS

This path id a single line: GET method, it is the response to a single hypertext document. Meaning, no heading, or other Metadata, only the HTML tag. Using this type of tag it the 0.9 version of HTTP. (Below is an early version of HTTP using the GET method.)

In 1991, 0.9 version of HTTP became its own and evolved rapidly over the coming years. The 0.9 version offers Client-server, request-response protocol, ASCII protocol, running over a TCP/IP link, designed to transfer hypertext documents (HTML), and the connection between server and client is closed after every request, it used web servers like Apache and Nginx. After 0.9 version came the 1.0 Rapid growth and informational (RFC).

The 1.0 Rapid growth and informational (RFC) had its highest points from 1991-1995. During this time National Center of Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), came up with their own version of the RFC. Sometime in October of 1994 a programmer that was a part of NCSA team, Marc Andreessen, partnered with Jim Clark and together they formed, a Mosaic Communications, which was the early version of Netscape. Also, there was a World Wide Web conference located in Geneva, Switzerland. Because of the conference the World Wide Web Consortium. W3C help formed HTML.

Around the same time a parallel HTTP Working Group (HTTP-WG), the IETF focus on improving HTTP protocol. Through the years of 1994-1995 there was a dial-up Internet access for the public. On August 9, 1995, was the first day of the Internet along with it popularity. With the web growing, a community of web developers produced a large number of experimental HTTP server and client implementations through an ad hoc process: implement, deploy, to see if others adopt it.

In May 1996 the HTTP Working Group (HTTP-WG) published RFC 1945, which documented the “common usage” of the many HTTP/1.0 implementations found in the wild, which was a period of rapid experimentation, with the best practices along with common patters.
o Request line with HTTP version number, followed by request headers Response status, followed by response headers
The Exchange is not an in-depth list of HTTP/ 1.0 capabilities some key protocol changes are; Request may consist of multiple newline separated header fields. The response object is prefixed with a response status line, response object has its own set of newline separated header fields, the response object is not limited to hypertext, and the connection between server and client is closed after every request.

The request and response headers were kept as ASCII encode. Although the response object could be any type of; HTML, plain text file, images, or another content type. The Hypertext transfer is part of HTTP. The next type of HTTP is 1.1 Internet Standard.
HTTP 1.1 is an official IETF internet standard. Between the years of 1995- 1999 produced the first official version of HTTP was released. Some of the early version introduced a number of critical performance optimizations: alive connections, chunked, encoding transfer, byte-range requests, additional caching mechanisms, transfer encodings, and request pipelining.
This same functionality was also backported to HTTP/1.0 and enabled via the Connection: Keep-Alive header. Hence, if you are using HTTP/1.1, technically you don’t need the Connection: Keep-Alive header, but many clients choose to provide it nonetheless. The HTTP/2: Improving Transport Performance RFC 2616 has served as a foundation for the unprecedented growth of the Internet: billions of devices of all shapes and sizes, from desktop computers to the tiny web devices in our mobile devices, speak HTTP every day to deliver news, video, and millions of other web applications.
A simple protocol for retrieving hypertext quickly has become a generic Hypermedia transport. A wide availability of clients to consume, meaning that many applications are now designed and deployed exclusively on top of HTTP. The part of HTTP is HTTPS, is the secure version of HTTP, the protocol over which data is sent between the browser and the website.
HTTPS the (S) in HTTP means that the web site that you are visiting, is secure. It is secure by using and encryption. HTTPS is used to protect confidential online transaction, such as online banking, and online shopping order forms. HTTPS pages typically use one of two secure protocols to encrypt communications – SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) or TLS (Transport Layer Security), the asymmetric system uses two ‘keys’ to encrypt communications. A ‘public’ key and a ‘private’ key. Anything encrypted with the public key can only be decrypted by the private key and vice-versa. The “private key” should be kept strictly protected and should only be accessible the owner of the private key. In the case of a website, the private key remains securely ensconced on the web server the ‘private’ key should be kept strictly protected and should only be accessible the owner of the private key. In the case of a website, the private key remains securely ensconced on the web server (server side scripts such as PHP are used for coding).
When an HTTPs is requested the website will initially send its SSL certificate to the browser. a certificate contains the public key needed to begin the secure session. Based on this initial exchange, the browser and the website then initiate the ‘SSL handshake’. The SSL handshake involves the generation of shared secrets to establish a uniquely secure connection between the personal computer and the website. When a trusted SSL Digital Certificate is used during a HTTPS connection, users will see a padlock icon in the browser address bar. When an Extended Validation Certificate is installed on a web site, the address bar will turn green.
All communications sent over regular HTTP connections are in ‘plain text’ and can be read by any hacker that manages to break the connection between the browser and the website. This presents a clear danger if the ‘communication’ is on an order form and includes a personal credit card details or social security number. a HTTPS connection, all communications are securely encrypted. This means that even if somebody managed to break the connection, they would not be able to decrypt any of the data which passes between you and the website.
The major benefits of a HTTPS certificate include, Customer information, like credit card numbers, is encrypted and cannot be intercepted, visitors can verify you are a registered business and that you own the domain, and customers are more likely to trust and complete purchases from sites that use HTTPS. use the “code” on a Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), sometimes called Transport Layer Security (TLS) to send the information back and forth. When shopping online all way make sure that your page is secure.

References
HTTP vs HTTPS –

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