Full-stack website developer

Full-stack website developer would requires a range of skills in order to succeed in this every changing area. If you want to become a full-stack web developer, it is important to be comfortable and familiar in working with front-end and back-end web development. Full-stack developers work with databases, PHP, HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and Photoshop. These tools and skills are required in order to work with websites and databases. Since full stacks rely heavily on both sides of website development, the developers must also be aware of the advantages and disadvantages while learning the skills and implementing websites. There are also many types of companies that have different job requirements and education requirements for full stack developers, including the salary and years of experience. However, in order to increase employment readiness, the person must master the technologies and programs that are required for full-stack development. This includes getting a certificate, an associate’s, bachelor’s, or master’s degree in web/database development or a related field such as computer science.

A full-stack website developer requires the proper tools and skills with websites and databases. Most full-stack web developers have a strong understanding of server side scripting  languages such as Ruby, Java, and Python. Along with an understanding of these server languages, full-stack web developers are also fluent in creating and manipulating databases such as MySQL and Oracle. Along with all these coding services, full-stack web developers must also be able to make their websites user friendly by making them compatible with desktops, laptops, and mobile devices.

As a front-end web development professional you are responsible for the feel, look and final design of the site. The front-end of a website, which is also referred to as “client-side”, is the design and interface on the browser. Front-end includes everything from users’ experiences directly, from text and colors, which are used on web page including buttons, images, and navigation menus. Front-end development is strongly focused on the client’s impression, and how to develop a website will draw client’s attention and will be productive to the company. HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are the three main languages that do the magic. Whatever is happening behind the scenes is the back-end development responsibility. Back-end developer positions are often referred to as programmers, and they are principally focused with how the site works. The back-end also refers to as “server-side”, is one of the section of the website that you don’t see. The back-end is responsible for organizing and collecting data, and safeguarding everything on the client-side works. The back-end communicates with the front-end by receiving and sending information to be displayed as a web page. Two examples of communication between front-end and back-end are when you fill out a type of web address or make a purchase online. Your browser will send a request to the back-end “server-side” which returns information in the form of front-end code which then browser will interpret and display. The back-end consists of three parts: a server, an application, and a database that usually works with programs like PHP or .Net.

The main goal of a front-end web developer is to create a user-friendly web page that is easy to use and contains information that is relevant to a website’s objective. Front-end web developers must have experience and knowledge of the 3 languages that power every website. These 3 languages are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It is the standard system for creating HTML websites –  webpages’ with font, colors, graphics, and hyperlink effects on the World Wide Web (WWW). CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets and structures the presentation of online web pages using colors, fonts, and layouts. JavaScript is a computer programming language that is used commonly to create interactive images or effects within web page browsers. Being able to manipulate and create using these 3 languages grants you the ability to create front-end web pages.

The main goal of a back-end web developer is to create the core functionality and operative programs of a website. In order to do so, back-end web developers use scripting/programming languages such as JQuery, Ruby, or Python. JQuery is a web development JavaScript that simplifies tasks and has many universal plug-ins. It is used widely more notably by prosperous companies such as Google and Microsoft. Ruby on the other hand is a scripting language that has been praised for its ease of access. While Python is a higher level programming language, its main difference is that it allows programmers to code their concepts with fewer lines of code. The type of programming language you use is based on preference. When it comes to back-end web development, it is important to incorporate security and databases. Testing and debugging of the software is to create or to enhance websites.

Back-end and front-end depend on each other, which is why full-stack web developers work with both required skills. In order to have patience while working with websites and databases, full- stack web developers must be aware of the advantages and disadvantages of front-end and back-end web development. The advantages of front-end are the ability to develop a number of presentation layers for different user, customer, and supply channels. Each presentation layer shares the same services, which guarantee stable interactions of channel, and requires only one sign-on to access all required functionality. The disadvantages of front-end are that all functionality must be offered through a service-based API, and all business and data logic must be separate from the presentation layer. Another advantage of back-end is that graphical tools are provided which makes it much easier to work on web. A drawback of back-end is that user interface is narrowly restricted, which limits users who act in several roles. When comparing front-end with back-end, it is much easier with back-end to manage the development and testing of environments because of asynchronous breakpoints. In front-end it is much more difficult to manage development and to test environment because of the lack of suitable strong tools and dependence on program-oriented delivery. Overall when comparing back-end to front-end, the back-end has more advantages than drawbacks.

The education requirements of a full-stack website developer can vary based on the individual’s learning skills of his or her desired company’s requirements. The person may get their associate’s degree, bachelor’s degree, and/or master’s degree in Computer Science or something related to programming and web/database development. However, one of the most important steps is to have experience and to be familiar with front-end and back-end web development. There are courses online that you can take to get a certificate on full-stack web development. An example of a course is a website called, coursera.org, which is an organization that allows you to get a certificate in hundreds of specializations, by enrolling for a course on a specified time period date. The Full Stack Web Development Specialization, which is created by the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, is a 6-month course in coursera.org, that specializes in front-end, mobile hybrid development, back-end support, and implement a fully functional application. Another website called, lynda.com, certifies and helps you to develop a solid foundation for performing database integrations, troubleshooting front-end development issues, working with servers, and hosting configurations. It also helps you explore core server languages such as .NET, Node.js, Ruby on Rails, and PHP.

Depending on the type of company that a person is applying to, the application process, the responsibilities and the requirements vary from different areas of a company. This is why it is important to have many skills and years of experience, in order to increase employment readiness. The job routine of a full stack web developer is a combination of both a front end and a back-end developer. Full stack developers are considered full-time and work for long hours, since their job consists of extended projects that have certain due dates to meet the clients’ requirements. Their work environment is flexible since they could work in an office or at home on a computer. They sometimes travel via car or airplane to meet with clients to discuss further assignments and suggestions. Full stacks are able to work alone or in teams to meet the desired projects. Most of the responsibilities of a full stack web developer include, performing front-end engineering and coding of web-based applications to ease updates, integrating user-facing elements with server-side logic, optimizing the application for maximum speed and scalability, and implementing security and data protection. The person must be able to design the overall construction of the web application.

The average salary of a full-stack website developer is $106,000. Full-stack website developer are in demand in the website and database industry, and many companies including the University of Washington, ONVIA, F5 Networks, Inc., and Digital McKinsey are hiring. These companies show that job requirements and education requirements vary from each place. The University of Washington’s minimum requirements include a bachelor’s degree in computer science or a related field, with at least 3 years of experience as a full stack developer. ONVIA also requires at least 3 years of implementing, designing, and building web applications and web services, but it does not state any education requirements. F5 Networks Inc. requires a bachelor’s degree in Computer Science and at least 5 years of developing version control and annotation-based code documentation. 4-7 years of experience with designing, developing, testing and debugging software are some of the minimum requirements as well. Digital McKinsey’s qualifications include an undergraduate or master’s degree, or three years of work experience. At least 5 years of utilizing the following technologies is required: Java, PHP, Ruby on Rails, C#, Scala, Erlang, F#, and more.


References for full-stack website developer

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full-stack website developer – Coding Dojo. Top Programming Languages for the Full Stack Web Developer. 7 April 2016. Coding Dojo. 9 November 2016 <http://www.codingdojo.com/blog/best-programming-languages-full-stack-web-developer/>.

full-stack website developer – Fekete, George. Being a Full Stack Developer. 22 September 2014. 10 November 2016 <https://www.sitepoint.com/full-stack-developer/ >.

full-stack website developer – Kraus, John. Front End vs Back End vs Full Stack: Web Developers & Demand. 12 March 2015. 10 November 2016 <http://www.skilledup.com/articles/front-end-vs-back-end-vs-full-stack-web-developers-demand>.

full-stack website developer – Lynda. Become a Full-Stack Web Developer. 2016. 10 November 2016 <https://www.coursera.org/specializations/full-stack?siteID=hL3Qp0zRBOc-iab98LlcAC7sT7ARQEwfSw&utm_content=10&utm_medium=partners&utm_source=linkshare&utm_campaign=hL3Qp0zRBOc >.

full-stack website developer – McKinsey & Company. McKinsey Careers – Full Stack Developer. 2016. 9 November 2016 <http://www.mckinsey.com/careers/search-jobs/jobs/full-stack-developer-0014 >.

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ONVIA. Full-Stack Developer. 2 November 2016. 9 November 2016 <https://www.linkedin.com/jobs/view/211828593>.

ORACLE. “Front-End and Back-End Integration.” 2000. Oracle8i Integration Server Overview. 8 November 2016 <http://docs.oracle.com/cd/A87860_01/doc/ois.817/a83729/adoisap2.htm >.

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